Genes for de novo biosynthesis of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are widespread in animals

 Marine ecosystems are responsible for virtually all production of omega-3 (ω3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), which are essential nutrients for vertebrates. Current consensus is that marine microbes account for this production, given their possession of key enzymes including methyl-end (or “ωx”) desaturases. ωx desaturases have also been described in a small number of invertebrate…